Modern medicine can help literally everyone who is faced with the problem of conceiving a child. And many women resort to using donor sperm to be able to conceive a child. Some do it because of serious reproductive problems with a man, and some just want to have a baby for themselves without a man.
Sperm donation has only one major disadvantage – the identity of the donor remains unknown; it is regulated by medical confidentiality and the law of Ukraine. It means you won’t be able to get acquainted personally with the man who gave you the fortunate opportunity to have a child.
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Contrary to the opinion that anyone who is sorry can give sperm, and then because of this woman will have a baby with a disease or sick tendencies, in fact such men are extremely strict selection.
There are several sperm banks in our country – in Kiev, Kharkov, and Western Ukraine. However, these are the largest banks, and otherwise every good reproductive health clinic has its own personal sperm bank.
Sperm samples are stored deep frozen with liquid nitrogen in special plastic containers, which guarantees their safety and performance of sperm after defrosting. And each of the samples is equipped with data about the donor, such as blood type, Rh factor, and general appearance data.
A woman or couple going to a sperm bank can’t know the donor’s name, but you do have general information. In Europe, for example, a small questionnaire is attached to the sperm donor, from which you can learn about the man’s personal preferences and a little bit about his personality.
Who can be a donor?
Sperm banks are run by the WHO, and the requirements to become a sperm donor are quite high.
In particular, the man must not be older than 32 years (in some banks, not older than 35). He must have healthy children of his own (at least one), and he must undergo rigorous physical and psychological health reviews. These include:
- Urologist review;
- Hepatitis and HIV tests;
- Sexually transmitted infection tests;
- Blood type and Rh factor tests;
- Screening for genetic diseases;
- General examination by a physician;
- Consultation with a psychiatrist.
When all the examinations have been completed, the man donates his sperm and it is frozen for further use. However, it will not be used until six months later – this is how long it takes for the man to be examined again, since some diseases have a long incubation period and are difficult to diagnose in the early stages. Only then will his sperm be put into the catalog. It is used no more than 5 times as part of the therapeutic ethics.
Clinics that provide sperm guarantee the reliability of the profile and the health of the donor, because their reputation depends on it.